What is cholesterol?

It is a fat-like waxy substance but has a different structure than fat. Cholesterol comes from two sources; it is synthesized in our liver and comes from foods of animal origin. The ratio of HDL/LDL and triglycerides circulating in the blood stream is an important predictor of heart disease and is affected by the amount and types of fat eaten. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) carries cholesterol to the heart walls and narrows or clogs the artery. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) removes cholesterol from the vessel walls and takes it back to the liver, where it is excreted. LDL cholesterol should be less than 130 mg/dl, and HDL cholesterol should be between 50-75 mg.dl or higher. Ideally, at least a quarter of you total cholesterol should be HDL, with a desirable total cholesterol reading of less than 200.6

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