Mycotic Diseases-Candidosis (Candidiasis)

Candidosis (candidiasis) is caused by overgrowth of candidal organisms due to systemic and/or local factors.

Candidosis can occur in a variety of clinical forms:

  • Pseudomembranous (thrush): White plaques which rub off leaving an erythematous base. Pain, burning, and taste alterations are common.
Candidosis (Candidiasis)
Candidosis (Candidiasis)
  • Acute atrophic (erythematous): Red mucosa accompanied by burning or pain.
  • Angular cheilitis: Cracks, crusts, pain in commissure area.
  • Chronic atrophic candidosis: Erythematous mucosa confined to denture bearing mucosa. Variably painful.
Chronic Atrophic Candidosis
Chronic Atrophic Candidosis
  • Chronic hyperplastic candidosis: White epithelial thickening similar to leukoplakia.
Chronic Hyperplastic Candidosis
Chronic Hyperplastic Candidosis
  • Median rhomboid glossitis: Erythematous patch anterior to circumvallate papillae.
Median Rhomboid Glossitis
Median Rhomboid Glossitis
  • Mucocutaneous candidosis:  May involve skin and oral, vaginal mucosa and nails.  May be familial.